60 Ideas for Europe

Climate change has a range of adverse effects on the natural and material environment, including Europe’s cultural heritage and landscapes. Wide-ranging actions required to reduce damaging greenhouse gas emissions will have significant implications on cultural heritage and landscapes. Strategies, plans and projects relating to risk assessment, adaptation and mitigation must therefore be developed for heritage at the European level.

Upgrading the energy efficiency of historic buildings is a fundamentally important step towards reducing carbon dioxide emissions.

The conservation and re-use of the existing building stock will also contribute immensely towards mitigating climate change. Historic buildings represent a significant past investment of materials and energy. Demolition and replacement therefore implies not only losing all of the resources embodied in the original buildings, but also the investment of yet more energy for demolition, the creation and delivery of new construction materials, the building process itself and the disposal of the resulting waste. For this reason, incentives to encourage the conservation and adaptive re-use of heritage buildings should therefore be urgently taken by the EU Institutions and Member States.

Wind turbines and solar panels should be carefully sited to avoid damaging significant landscapes or the visual setting of important sites or buildings.

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